Memory Phrase (Mnemonic) for 而



and, as well as, and so, but (not)




Closed mouth with a beard


Image of a beard


and(Image of a closed mouth with a beard .)


而且 ér qiě (not only...) but also; moreover; in addition; furthermore
崛地而起 jué dì ér qǐ lit. arising suddenly above the level ground (idiom); sudden emergence of prominent new feature
迎刃而解 yíng rèn ér jiě to split bamboo with one chop (idiom); a decisive solution to a problem; to cut the Gordian knot
谑而不虐 xuè ér bù nüè to tease; to mock sb without offending; to banter
鞠躬尽瘁,死而后已 jū gōng jìn cuì , sǐ ér hòu yǐ to bend to a task and spare no effort unto one's dying day (idiom); striving to the utmost one's whole life; with every breath in one's body, unto one's dying day
拂袖而去 fú xiù ér qù to brush with one's sleeve then go (idiom); to turn and leave abruptly
过而能改,善莫大焉 guò ér néng gǎi , shàn mò dà yān If one can change after making a mistake, there is nothing better (idiom)
不言而喻 bù yán ér yù it goes without saying; it is self-evident
形而上学 xíng ér shàng xué metaphysics
而是 ér shì rather

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