The Radical: 示


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Meaning
to show, altar    示

Explanation Shows a simple altar with a sacrifice and blood is trickling down. Thus the meanings: to show and altar.

Used in these Kanji:
JLPT HSK 1
to look at, to regard, to inspect
shì
Left: to show 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: to see /見 (an eye on legs = looking around)
When the shown is seen by you, then you: look at it.
JLPT HSK 1
to float, to drift, to bleach, elegant
piāo, piǎo, piào
西
Left: water , right: ticket (In the west 覀/西 you show your ticket.) [West: 西 = Below the horizon the sun sinks at the sunset in the west]
On the water is a ticket and it is floating.
JLPT HSK 2
ticket, ballot, bank note, person held for ransom
piào
西
Top: west 覀/西 (Under the horizon the sun sinks at the sunset in the west.), bottom: show (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood )
In the west you show your ticket.
JLPT HSK 3
ceremony, gift, rite, etiquette, courtesy

Left: to show, altar 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: kneeling person
At the altar kneels somebody: At the ceremony with a gift.
JLPT HSK 4
surface, sign, to mark, award, indication
biāo
Left: tree , right: to show (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood )
(Looking towards the horizon:) Trees show at the surface.
JLPT HSK 4
society, association, group, club, agency
shè
Left: to show/altar 礻(= image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: earth
He shows (points) to this earth. Here we found our society.
JLPT HSK 4
paragraph, section, funds, Model A,B,C
kuǎn
Left: scholar , to show ; right: lack (A yawning person is lacking sth.)
The scholar shows a lack (of familiarity) with this paragraph.
JLPT HSK 4
to prohibit to forbid, to endure
jīn, jìn
Top: wood/forest , bottom: to show, altar (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood )
In the wood a "Showing up " is forbidden. - Or: Putting only twice wood on the altar (as a sacrifice) is: forbidden.
JLPT HSK 4
to examine, inspect, to look into
chá
Top: roof , below: sacrifice (The body / is put by hand on the altar as sacrifice)
If a cover (= roof) is over the altar with the sacrificial item, this shall be investigated.
JLPT HSK 4
border, edge, boundary

Left: hill (also mountain ridge), right: to show (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood )
(The Chinese wall was built over the hills and mountain ridges, as this provided a better overview and made it more difficult for the enemy to capture) The hill shows (= in the sense of: 'is there') the border.
JLPT HSK 4
to show, reveal
shì
Image of an altar scene: sacrifice on a simple altar , from which blood is trickling down
The sacrifice on the altar in its blood is: shown.
JLPT HSK 4
to wish, to express good wishes
zhù
Left: altar, to show 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: elder brother
At the altar is my elder brother and wishing sth.
JLPT HSK 4
good fortune, happiness, luck

Left: altar, to show , right: barrel of rice wine (originally the image of a barrel as an offering to the temple, thus signifying wealth and luck)
At the altar is a barrel of rice wine, which brings: good fortune.
JLPT HSK 5
to flutter, to float
piāo
Left: ticket/bank note (In the west 覀/西 you show your ticket.) [West: 西 = Under the horizon the sun sinks at the sunset in the west], right: wind / (Into the sail an insect is pushed by wind.)
(West wind is weak?) The west shows in the sail by: fluttering.
JLPT HSK 5
what, how can one help
nài
Top: big , bottom: to show, altar (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood )
A big altar? What, how can that help?
JLPT HSK 5
to comfort, to console, to reassure
wèi
Top: military officer (This buttocks shows his skillful hand as an officer), bottom: heart
An officer with a heart knows how to comfort.
JLPT HSK 5
God, mysterious, soul
shén
Left: to show, altar 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: to explain (A mouth with a big "plus" + for the outgoing surplus when explaining.)
The altar tells us of God.
JLPT HSK 6
Religion, school of a teaching, ancestor
zōng
Top: roof , bottom: to show (altar on which something can be seen)
The 'roof' over the altar is the religion.
JLPT HSK 6
disaster, misfortune, calamity
huò
Left: to show 礻(= image of an altar), right: chat, gossip (A mouth as big as the chest likes gossip.)
(At the altar, you should be reverently silent:) At the altar they had chats and gossips which caused the: disaster.
JLPT HSK 6
ancestor, forefather, grandparents

Left: altar (to show) , right: further/moreover (A pile of stones [= a stone cairn] where moreover stones are added.) HERE: as three coffins over each-others
At the altar are piled the coffins of our ancestors.
JLPT HSK 6
good omen, auspicious, kindly, benevolent, propitious
xiáng
Left: to show, altar 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: sheep
An altar with a sheep is a good omen.
JLPT no HSK
official salary, good fortune

Left: to show 礻(=, image of an altar, where things are shown), right: diary, record ("squeeze out" = part of green 绿, where fibers are squeezed by hand a green 绿 liquid emerges.)
From an altar it can be "squeezed out" an: official salary.
JLPT no HSK
Zen, meditation, dhyana (Sanskrit)
chán, shàn
Left: to show, altar 礻/, right: single, merely (It shines the sun in a group of ten [with nine planets] as the single one)
The altar has to be a single/simple in: Zen meditation.
JLPT no HSK
lapel, overlap of Chinese gown, heart, aspiration
jīn
Left: clothes 衤/, right: prohibit, forbid (In the wood a "Showing up " is forbidden, Or: Putting only twice wood on the altar (as a sacrifice) is: forbidden.)
Clothes that is forbidden: are lapels.
JLPT no HSK
to implore, to pray, to request

Left: to show, altar 礻/ (image of an altar with a sacrifice and drippling blood ), right: axe
At the altar with the axe we will pray.
JLPT no HSK
to offer sacrifice

Top: part of body (cf: meat ), hand , below: to show (image of an altar with a sacrifice on it)
A body is laid by hand on the altar: as sacrifice.
JLPT no HSK
to make a report (to a superior), petition, to give
bǐng
From top: cover , return, revolve , to show /礻
It is still covered (= confidential), but at the return I show: the report.
JLPT no HSK
joy

Left: to show 礻(= altar with sth. on ), right: to be happy, enjoy (A scholar with beans in his mouth is happy)
Show with happiness your: joy.
JLPT no HSK
prayer, pray, to plead
dǎo
寿
Left: to show, altar 礻/ (image of an altar with something on), right: long life 寿 (two skillful hands & are needed for Sushi 寿 and you will have a long life.)
At the altar you use both hands (for a long life) when: praying.
JLPT no HSK
freezing, shiver with cold or fear, strict, afraid, stern
lǐn
Left: ice , right: report, petition (It is covered (= confidential) and at my return I show : the report.)
At the ice-cold report I shivered of fear.
JLPT no HSK
to sacrifice, to offer libation to

Left: to show, altar 礻/, right: year of the snake (here: self )
When you are at the altar yourself, then for a sacrifice.
JLPT no HSK
military officer
wèi
From left: buttock seen from the side , to show , skillful hand
This buttocks shows a skillful hand: that's an officer.
JLPT no HSK
ancestral hall, temple, to worship

Left: altar, to show 礻/, right: civil servant, administer (... where sb. is sitting in a corner ⌝ throwing a sheet of paper in the wastebasket )
The altar of the administration is the (registration) in the ancestral hall.
JLPT no HSK
evil spirit, evil influence
suì
Top: coming out (Two mountains coming out one after the other), bottom: to show 礻/ (image of an altar )
It comes out on the altar: the evil spirit.
JLPT no HSK
garlic
suàn
Top: plant , bottom: 2x to show
(Think of its smell when both: eating and farting) The plant that shows twice is the garlic.
JLPT no HSK
large, vast, abundant

Left: to show, altar 礻/, right: village
Altars are in the villages: widely spread.
JLPT no HSK
felicity, auspicious, propitious, good luck, euphoria

Left: to show, altar , right: grain shovel/scoop (tool for threshing)
At the altar and while threshing, you feel: felicity.
JLPT no HSK
auspicious, lucky
zhēn
Left: to show 礻/, right: faithful (Who divines for money must be faithful.)
Who shows that he is faithful, appears auspicious.
JLPT no HSK
(downwards-right concave character stroke), press down firmly

Left: hand , right: what, how can one help
The hand has sth. big to show : It's this downward-stroke.

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